2022 Associates Meeting - Posters
Yale Child Study Center
Poster session highlighting the latest research from investigators and trainees at the Yale Child Study Center. Click on a poster to enlarge, and please leave comments and questions under "Join the Discussion". See more Child Study Center research at the link below.
More info: http://minitalks.childstudy.center
▼ 01. Anxiety Back to top
Walking on Eggshells: Family Accommodation in Anxious Youth with High and Low Irritability
Rotem S. Budagzad-Jacobson, Regina M. Musicaro, Carla E. Marin, Grace Hommel, Wendy K. Silverman & Eli R. Lebowitz
Disruptions in Amygdala-Prefrontal Connectivity is Associated with Anxiety in Autistic Children
Karim Ibrahim, Carla Kalvin, Gregory McCarthy & Denis G. Sukhodolsky
▼ 02. Autism Back to top
Hyperactivity and restricted and repetitive behaviors are strongly associated in preschoolers with and without autism spectrum disorder
Boxberger, A., Edgar, E., All, K., Donthireddy, V., Hong, E., Bianco, C., Gordon, B., Vernetti, A., Powell, K., Macari, S., & Chawarska, K.
Using human faces as stimuli and smiling as a reward, social reward value learning emerges by 6 months of age
Donthireddy, V., All, K., Edgar, E. V., Bianco, C., Hong, E., Boxberger, A., Gordon, B., Macari, S., Vernetti, A., Wang, Q., Chawarska, K.
Sex differences in the relationship between depressive symptoms and pupillary light reflex in children with ASD: Results from the ABC-CT Phase One Study
Iqbal, R., Naples, A., Chawarska, K., Dawson, G., Bernier, R., Jeste, S., Nelson, C., Dziura, J., Webb, S., Sugar, C., Shic, F., McPartland, J
Discrepancies Between Parent and Clinician Report of Autism Spectrum Disorder Features: Associations with Demographics, Diagnosis, and Intervention
Azu, M. A., Wolf, J., Naples, A., Chawarska, K., Dawson, G., Bernier, R., Jeste, S., Nelson, C., Dziura, J., Webb, S., Sugar, C., Shic, F, McPartland, J. for the Autism Biomarkers Consortium for Clinical Trials
Early Executive and Social Functioning Predict Externalizing Problems in Neurodiverse Preschoolers
All, K., Boxberger, A., Bianco, C., Donthireddy, V., Edgar, E. V., Hong, E., Vernetti, A., Macari, S., & Chawarska. K.
Impact of a Sibling Support Group on Relationship Quality and Siblings’ Knowledge of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
Julie M. Wolf, Ph.D., Marika Coffman, Ph.D., Megan Braconnier, M.A., Nicole Kelso, M.S. & James McPartland, Ph.D.
Effects of Anxiety and Social Impairment on Quality of Life in Autistic Children
Julia Zhong, Karim Ibrahim, Carla B. Kalvin, Rebecca Jordan, Abigail Reed, Denis G. Sukhodolsky
Comprehensive Therapy for Irritability in Adolescents with Autism: Study Design and Pilot Data
Denis G. Sukhodolsky, Julia Zhong, Megan Rutten, Karim Ibrahim, and Carla Kalvin
Investigation of Autism Spectrum Disorder Diagnosis and Social Anxiety Symptoms as Predictors of Visual Attention to Faces and Eyes
Franke, C., Wolf, J., Naples, A., Johnson, M., Han, G. & McPartland, J.
▼ 03. Mental Health Services and Assessments Back to top
Intensive In-Home Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Services Improves Children’s Quality of Life
Victoria Stob MA, LCSW; Heather Bonitz-Moore, LPC; Soyon Kim, PhD.; Joseph Woolston M.D.
Game-Based Assessment of Cognitive Function among Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Kammarauche Aneni, Isabella Gomati, Megan Jiao, Melissa Funaro, Lynn E. Fiellin
▼ 04. Neurodevelopment Back to top
Motivation Improves Working Memory by Shaping Neural Signals in the Prefrontal and Parietal Cortex
Youngsun T. Cho, Flora Moujaes, Charles H. Schleifer, Martina Starc, Jie Lisa Ji, Nicole Santamauro, Brendan Adkinson, Antonija Kolobaric, Morgan Flynn, John H. Krystal, John D. Murray, Grega Repovs, Alan Anticevic
Modeling the Neurodevelopmental Effects of COVID-19 Infection During Pregnancy
Matthew Yuen; Wesley Tung; Hyesun Cho PhD; Akiko Iwasaki PhD; Kartik Pattabiraman MD, PhD
Assessing the Validity of the Predictive Adaptive Response and Mismatch in Humans: A Narrative Review
Jenna Hartstein; Kieran J. O’Donnell, PhD
The Infant Gut Microbiome, Rearing Environment, Neurodevelopment, And Cognitive Development in a Non-Human Primate Model (Macaca Mulatta)
Katherine Daiy, Kyle Wiley, Jacob Allen, Michael T. Bailey, Amanda Dettmer
▼ 05. Trauma and Adverse Childhood Experiences Back to top
Dynamic Processes Between Irritability and Trauma Exposure Within the Family System: A Network Approach
Grace Cotter, Kristina Morreale, Amanda Valdegas, Meghan Clough, Rebecca Beebe, Damion Grasso, Carla Stover, & Wan-Ling Tseng
Harnessing Electronic Health Record Data to Examine the Relationship between Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs), Medical Morbidity, and Healthcare Utilization
Jelena G. MacLeod, MD, MHS; Pamela E. Hoffman, MD; Zi Jia Ng, PhD; Emily M. Powers, MD, MHS; Angela R. Farren, BS; Carla S. Stover, PhD; Andrea G. Asnes, MD, MSW
▼ 06. Early Care and Education Back to top
Examining the Relationship Between Technology Use and Negative Affect in Adolescents Across Different Grades
Sean D. McFarland, Tse Yen Tan, Kalee De France, Rachel Baumsteiger, Jessica D. Hoffmann
Yale Children and Adults Research in Early Education Study
Ayse Cobanoglu & Yale-Cares Team
Method: Data. The data used in this study came from Yale-CARES Surveys, a nationwide survey for early care and education professionals that collects information on the mental, physical and financial well-being of the workforce as well as a wide range of background and program-level characteristics. Survey sent through the contact lists of the National Workforce Registry Alliance and its member state child care registries, the National Association for the Education of Young Children, and Child Care Aware of America, as described in other studies (Gilliam et al., 2021; Murray et al., 2022; Patel et al., 2021; Patel et al., 2021). Cohort 1: Baseline and Follow-up, and overleaping Longitudinal Sample. Baseline data collection occurred between May 22 and June 8, 2020 and survey has been completed by 82,613, and the follow-up occurred between May 26 and June 23, 2021 and has been completed by 21,663 ECE professionals. Cohort 2: Survey links were distributed from June 2021 to August 2021 and of the individuals who click the survey link (N=56,881), 49,245 responded to survey.
Center for Epidemiological Studies – Depression Scale (CES-D-10). ECE professionals were asked the frequency of depression-related symptoms in the past week, with the response scale being 0 = Rarely or none of the time; 1 = Some or a little of the time; 2 = Occasionally or a moderate amount of the time; 3 = All of the time. CES-D-10 scores ranged from 0 to 30. Cut off score for depressive symptoms was 10. Analysis. We conducted weighted, descriptive analyses to estimate nationally representative proportions and 95% confidence intervals (CI) with multiply imputed data. We estimated the prevalence and 95% CIs of depression symptoms among ECE professionals across background characteristics in May-June 2020 (Cohort 1- Baseline), May-June 2021 (Cohort-1 Follow-up), and July-August 2021 (Cohort-2).
Results: Overall, the prevalence of US ECE professionals with clinically relevant depression symptoms was 45.68% (95% CI: 38.14,53.23) in May/June 2020, 39.02% (95% CI: 37.57,40.48) in May/June 2021, and 45.82%, (95% CI: 36.56,55.08) in July/August 2021. Among ECE professionals in this sample, the prevalence of clinically relevant depression symptoms was 44.97% (95% CI=44.07,45.88) in baseline and 39.02% (95% CI=37.57,40.48) in follow-up. Overall, higher prevalence of depression were observed across all demographic categories in baseline compared to follow-up. However, we found similar patterns of depression symptomology across demographic categories for both baseline and follow-up. For instance, prevalence of depression were 45% for female, 41.23 for male, 76.73 for Non-binary/ Transgender/Intersex/Others and 37.30 for participants preferred not to answer in baseline. Similarly, prevalence of depression were 39.19% for female, 34.1% for male, 78.95 for non-binary and 38.58 for participants preferred not to answer in follow-up. With the 62.76% (95% CI: 49.52,76.00) prevalence rate, American Indian or Alaskan Native has the highest prevalence of depression among all racial groups. Prevalence of depression among Hispanic ECE professionals was 51.87% (95 % CI: 41.07,62.67). Large proportion of non-binary/transgender/intersex ECE professionals, 72.37% (95% CI: 60.77,83.97) had depression in Cohort-2. As can be seen in Table 4, with age there was a decrease in proportion of ECE professionals with depression and individuals in 18-24 age group had the highest prevalence rate of 57.14% (95% CI: 42.16,72.12). Similar to Cohort-1, the highest proportions of depression was observed for workers from nanny or in-home child care with 61.61% (95% CI:40.37,82.85). Half of the ECE professionals with below $35,000 and $50,000-74,999 had depression.
Conclusion: This study reports nationally representative estimates of mental health outcomes in the USA's early care and education professionals since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic and provides critical evidence from the very first, comprehensive, nationwide ECE workforce dataset. Considering the ongoing children’s mental health crisis, the prevalence of depression among child care and education professionals who work with this population is alarming. Results clearly demonstrate that there is an urgent need to support ECE workforce wellbeing who have limited or no access to mental health consultation.
▼ 07. Genetics Back to top
Identifying Post-Zygotic Single Nucleotide Genetic Variants in Tourette Syndrome
Sarah Abdallah, MD; Emily Olfson, MD, PhD; Thomas Fernandez, MD
Child maltreatment, epigenetic ageing, and the impact of an early intervention
Paula López Ramos, BSc; Hung Pham, MSc; David Olds, PhD; Michael Meaney, PhD; Kieran O’Donnell, PhD